Living in constrained environments: Mountain, arctic, arid environments
The team's research focuses specifically on territories that have long remained on the fringes of human development and that remain marked by geographical isolation and/or by environmental and societal constraints that are decisive for their territorial development. Thus, the research is aimed at three main types of environments: mountain territories, arctic terrains and arid regions. The questions raised concern both the dynamics of the socio-ecosystems of these constrained environments (water, biodiversity, geodiversity) and the way in which human societies inhabit them through their experiences, actions, practices, individual and collective uses, whether these collectives are human or non-human (for example, particular interest is taken in the "humanimality" of these constrained environments).
Landscape conservation: protected areas and heritage
The team's research aims to identify, understand and analyse formal and informal management practices that contribute to the protection and conservation of landscapes. The aim is to study different forms of landscape conservation. This can range from landscape myths (questioning the European wilderness, for example) to more formal forms of protection such as the adoption of legislation for protected areas. This axis also questions conservation through recreational and tourist development (geopatrimonial development, wildlife tourism). Participatory approaches are favoured, with the co-construction of research programmes in conjunction with land managers.
Water, climate and society: measures, risks and resources
The climatic and hydrological constraints are strong in the marginal territories studied. They are approached from the angle of climatic and hydrological field measurements and statistical data analyses, which aim to characterise the functioning of topoclimatic systems and hydrosystems and to detect water stress situations. They are applied to societal issues such as flood or drought risk management or agricultural production in constrained environments. Water management is also approached under its institutional and societal aspects (water security, participatory management, hydrosocial cycle, urban water cycle).