Paleoenvironment, Evolution of Life and Ocean Dynamics

The study of the evolution of life, ancient environments, ocean dynamics, past climate change, and the resulting interactions and feedback mechanisms is the key to decipher the long history of the Earth system and to explore its complexity. Without a profound and quantitative knowledge of the Earth’s past, we would be very limited in understanding presently occurring climate and environmental change. The study of the history of the Earth allows tracing phases of severe ice and hot houses, decisive extinction and radiation events in life’s evolution, episodes of widespread anoxic conditions in ancient oceans, and paleoenvironmental and evolutionary change in general. The pole includes research in paleontology, focusing on evolutionary patterns, ocean dynamics, and preservation mechanisms, and sedimentology and sedimentary geochemistry, focusing on phases of important paleoenvironmental change and major turnover in life’s evolution.

 

Permanent team

Professors

Prof. Thierry Adatte

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Thierry's research interests concern major catastrophes in Earth's history in the broadest sense, including meteorite impacts and episodes of major volcanic eruptions, and their biotic effects. This research integrates paleontology, stratigraphy, sedimentology, clay mineralogy and geochemistry in reconstructing past environmental change associated with or leading up to mass extinctions.

Lines of research:

  • Paleoenvironment
  • Environmental changes and mass extinctions
  • Marine ecology 

More information

Contact
telefono-01.jpg021 692 35 26
mail-01.jpgthierry.adatte@unil.ch
Personal website

Prof. Allison Daley

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Allison is a Palaeontologist interested in the early evolution of arthropods and predation, in particular Cambrian stem-lineage taxa from exceptionally preserved fossil deposits such as the Burgess Shale in Canada and the Emu Bay Shale in Australia. Her focus is on a clade of stem-lineage arthropods known as the anomalocaridids, which includes some of the most renown  taxa from the Cambrian, owing to their large size, unusual morphology, complicated history of description, and interpretation as top predators.

Lines of research:

  • Paleontology of invertebrate animals
  • Exceptional preservation and fossils Burgess Shale-type
  • Paleoecology
  • Phylogenetic analyses

Research group: Animal Origins and Morphology Lab (ANOM Lab)

Contact
telefono-01.jpg021 692 43 77
mail-01.jpgallison.daley@unil.ch
Personal website

Prof. Johanna Marin Carbonne

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Her research focuses on the biological and environmental evolution of the surface conditions of the primitive Earth. It combines a detailed mineralogical approach with high spatial resolution analyses of traditional (oxygen, carbon, sulfur) and non-traditional (silicon and iron) stable isotope by ion probe (SIMS). Her research tends to reconstruct quantitatively the surface conditions of the primitive Earth and to better understand the evolution of life during this period.

Johanna is Head of Laboratory in the SwissSIMS national facility, which is a part of the Center for Advanced Surface Analysis (CASA) platform (UNIL/EPFL).

Lines of research:

  • Primitive Earth
  • Stable isotopes
  • Carbonates
  • Geochemistry and Biogeochemistry
Contact
telefono-01.jpg021 692 44 58
mail-01.jpgjohanna.marincarbonne@unil.ch
Personal website

Prof. Samuel Jaccard

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Samuel Jaccard is a specialist in earth sciences. He was trained in geology before exploring paleoclimate, paleo-oceanography and recent climate change. He is seeking to better document the cycling of nutrients, as well as the availability of oxygen in marine ecosystems and the impact of these processes on carbon sequestration in the deep ocean. To do so, he mainly uses sedimentological and geochemical data and develops innovative tools to reconstruct past and recent marine environments.

Axes de recherche:

  • Paleo-oceanography and oceanography
  • Marine biogeochemistry
  • Global carbon cycle
  • (De)oxygenation of the oceans
  • Polar Sciences
Contact
telefono-01.jpg021 692 43 63
mail-01.jpgsamuel.jaccard@unil.ch
Personal website

Prof. Anders Meibom

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Anders and his group investigate biological processes at the sub-cellular level using cutting-edge micro-analytical tools. To this end, they use a suite of isotopic labeling techniques in combination with micro- to nano-scale analytical instruments, primarily: Transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Secondary electron microscopy (SEM), Ion microprobe Secondary Ion Mass spectroscopy (SIMS).

The Laboratory of Biological Geochemistry (LBG) is closely associated with the Institute of Earth Sciences at the University of Lausanne. Here, the NanoSIMS instrument is part of the Center for Advanced Surface Analysis (CASA).

Lines of research:

  • Environmental Bio-Geo-Chemistry
  • Sub-cellular stable isotope imaging
  • Biomineralization by marine organisms
  • Cell metabolism
  • Isotope Geochemistry and Cosmochemistry

Groupe de recherche: Laboratory of Biological Geochemistry (LBG)

Contact
telefono-01.jpg021 692 43 74
mail-01.jpganders.meibom@unil.ch
Personal website

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Scientific collaborators

Dr. Claudia Baumgartner

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Dr. Claudia Baumgartner is the laboratory manager of the digital microscopy, cathodoluminescence  microscopy and the sedimentary labs.

Lines of research:

  • Biostratigraphy
  • Caribbean
  • Larger Foraminifera

More information

Contact
telefono-01.jpg021 692 43 61
mail-01.jpgclaudia.baumgartner@unil.ch
Personal website

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Associated research center

Associated research groups

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Center for Advanced Surface Analysis

The Centre d'analyse de surface avancée (CASA) is a common UNIL/EPFL platform hosted in the Geopolis building of University of Lausanne. This Swiss research center offers to a broad range of scientists the state-of-the-art micro-analytical Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometric (SIMS) instruments for chemical and isotopic characterization of solid matter.

More information

Paleoenvironment, Evolution of Life and Ocean Dynamics

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GĂ©opolis - CH-1015 Lausanne
Switzerland
Tel. +41 21 692 43 06
Fax +41 21 692 43 05